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Written by SOT.COM.AL 23 Shtator 2022
A team of experts tasked by the UN's top human rights body to look into abuses in Ukraine said on Friday that its initial investigation found evidence of war crimes in the country, following the Russian attack nearly seven months ago. .
Experts from the Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine, mandated by the Human Rights Council, have so far focused on four regions – Kyiv, Chernihiv, Kharkiv and Sumy.
In presenting their findings, they cited former prisoners' testimonies of beatings, electric shocks and forced undressing in Russian detention facilities, and expressed grave concerns about the executions, which the team was working to document in four regions.
"Based on the evidence gathered by the commission, it has been concluded that war crimes have been committed in Ukraine," Erik Mose, the commission's chairman, told the Human Rights Council.
Commission member Pablo de Greiff told reporters that the team had “found two cases of ill-treatment of soldiers of the Russian Federation by Ukrainian soldiers. We have found a much larger number of incidents that constitute war crimes on the part of the Russian Federation."
During a 10-day trip in June to Ukraine, the team visited Buchan, a town near Kiev where Ukrainian authorities found mass graves and bodies strewn on the streets after Russian forces withdrew in late March.
"We were shocked by the large number of executions in the areas we visited. The commission is currently investigating such deaths in 16 cities and towns," Mose said. He did not specify who, or which side in the war, allegedly carried out the killings.
The findings echo media reports and other sources about the destruction, deaths and the destruction in Ukraine since Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the attack on February 24.
The commission's work could contribute to the work of International Criminal Court prosecutors, who may bring charges of war crimes in Ukraine, although it remains uncertain whether Russia or other alleged perpetrators will ever face justice.
Anton Korynevych, ambasadori i përgjithshëm i Ministrisë së Jashtme të Ukrainës, iu bashkua të dërguarve nga një numër vendesh perëndimore që folën kundër luftës së Moskës në vazhdën e prezantimit të gjetjeve komisionit. Delegacioni rus e bojkotoi mbledhjen e këshillit.
Hetuesit e komisionit vizituan 27 qytete dhe vendbanime, si dhe varre dhe qendra ndalimi dhe torturash; intervistuan më shumë se 150 viktima dhe dëshmitarë; dhe u takuan me grupe mbështetësish dhe zyrtarë qeveritarë, tha Mose.
Ai tha se një numër i paspecifikuar ushtarësh rusë u zbulua se kishin kryer krime të dhunës seksuale, ose të dhunës me bazë gjinore – me viktima të moshave nga 4 deri në 82 vjeç.
Komisioni planifikon të zgjerojë gradualisht hetimin e tij, në fushat me interes, duke përfshirë akuzat për kampe ku merren në pyetje personat e ndaluar, transferimin e detyruar të njerëzve dhe pretendimet për birësim të përshpejtuar të fëmijëve.
“Dëshmitë e mizorive të Rusisë bëhen më të tmerrshme nga dita në ditë, më së fundmi me zbulimin e varreve masive në Izium, ku trupat tregojnë shenja torture,” tha Michele Taylor, ambasadorja e SHBA në këshillin e të drejtave, duke iu referuar Kharkivot. qytet rajonal që forcat ukrainase e rimorën javët e fundit.
Ambasadorja Taylor u kërkoi komisionerëve që të vazhdojnë të “shqyrtojnë provat në rritje të ngritjes së kampeve të internimit nga ana e Rusisë, dëbimeve të detyruara dhe zhdukjeve”.
She referred to "multiple sources" that indicated that Russian authorities have interrogated, arrested and/or forcibly deported between 900,000 and 1.6 million Ukrainian citizens, and reported that children were being deported from Ukraine and placed in Russian orphanages for adoption.
A handful of Russia's allies came to Moscow's defense. In Geneva, Ina Vasileuskaya, Belarus' deputy permanent representative to the UN, said the purpose of Russia's attack was to protect Russian-speaking residents of Ukraine.
"One-sided discussions in the Human Rights Council that accuse only Russia are a dead end," she said.
Vasileuskaya said her country was not a party to the conflict, although Belarus was one of the countries where Russian forces gathered before attacking Ukraine./VOA