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Opinion / Editorial

The consecration of independence a triumphant act over anarchy and betrayal

The consecration of independence a triumphant act over anarchy and betrayal

The declaration of independence of ethnic Albania on November 28, 1912, by the wise old man Ismail Bey Vlora, closed a history of wars and centuries-old efforts of our nation. This act of consecration ended the centuries-old yoke of Ottoman rule in Albanian lands, opening a new page of history in the creation of the Albanian state. Although its proclamation was recognized a year later, by the international conference in London on sovereignty from the Ottoman Empire, the international control commission left more than half of the territory outside its present borders. This special historical date in terms of importance and grotesque of size, is one of the most culminating acts, which confirmed the existence of the oldest nation in Europe, paving the way for development and progress like all other nations. But its importance had geographical and strategic values, as well as from other Balkan neighbors, who had taken steps to secede from the Ottoman Empire. That is why all Albanians, wherever they are, proudly celebrate the making of Albania. As the great poet and patriot Father Gjergj Fishta would say, or the Tritet of Albania as the French elite of the time called it. Among other things, he would write: "We did not make Albania to enjoy it, but we rejoice that Albania became". This act above all crowned the dream of the renaissance, based on the platform devised by its ideologue Abdyl Frashëri. These ideas became known in one of the major events of history, such as the Albanian League of Prizren. This platform became the motto in addition to the declaration of independence, which had as objective: 1-Liberation of Albania from the Ottoman yoke; 2-Protection of the territorial integrity of the homeland; 3-The formation of the Albanian national state. But in a situation fraught with anarchy, betrayal and division among Albanians, the declaration of independence appealed and required a greater commitment, to protect the lands threatened by the danger of fragmentation. But the Albanian lands, in addition to the external threat, they also suffered internal dangers, but above all the lack of order. All Albanian lands suffered not only the rule of anarchy, but also the intentions of neighboring kingdoms, allied with mercenary Albanians in their service. Many historians, scholars and researchers have written and spoken about this major event that laid the foundations of the Albanian state, wandering through the pages of history. They have reached the same conclusion, that Ismail Bey Vlora found it very difficult to declare independence, not only from external pressure, but even worse from internal opponents. This category of opposing people, influential in social relations in the Albanian territories, great landowners had at their heart the Turkish feudal system. Linked to this enticing system with various privileges, they did their best to keep it unchanged. This was inextricably linked to their interests, since the declaration of independence of Albania and secession from Turkey, would deprive them of power, privileges, but above all the assets legalized by the structures of the empire that was giving life. In the circumstances when independence was declared, in the city with patriotic traditions of old Vlora, anarchy ruled in all lands. The country was ruled by the "pariah" of the landlords, where most of them did not recognize the declaration of independence. The newly formed government was in critical condition, from lack of support and support both inside and outside the country, consequently it was not able to exercise its authority in all Albanian lands and territories. The exponents of opposition and disagreement with the declaration of independence were numerous, but the most famous and influential ones we would mention, Preng Bibë Dodën in Orosh of Mirdita, Dedë Coku and Vath Marashi in Lezha Breg-Mat and Shengjin, in Myzeqe Azis I saw Vrioni, in Elbasan Aqif Pasha, while Shkodra was under the occupation of a detachment of international armies, under the command of English Colonel Philips, but controlled by Admiral Bërni. The Himara coast was ruled by the Greek agent Spiro Milo, while Gjirokastra by the Zografos government. Mati was ruled by Xhelal and Ahmet Zogu and in the northeastern borders of the country in Debar, Arif Hyqmeti and Jusuf Bej Dohocishti exercised their power. What is worth mentioning is that all these influential exponents in the Albanian lands, did not serve their country but the neighboring kingdoms from which they were paid. This is what we can say about Arif Hyqmeti, who with two thousand soldiers armed with uniforms, was made available to the Serbian army. In this chaotic situation and total anarchy, representatives of religious religions were not left behind, who in unison with the above figures, held a hostile attitude towards the national cause. Among the leaders of religious communities, we would single out the Mufti of Tirana Musa Qazimi, in Elbasan Dervish Bey, in Korça the Greek despot Germanos, while in Durrës another despot was Jakov. But what made the situation worse after the declaration of independence were the acts of betrayal, as one of the greatest calamities that a nation could have inside its skin. Thus this national disaster became the companion of the newly formed government. Within the government of Vlora were attached casnets, who claimed to work for national unity, when in fact they were doing the tasks assigned by the enemies of Albania. One of the typical feudal lords put in the service of several states, who did not accept the declaration of independence was Esat Pasha Toptani. The English researcher and righteous assessor of the Albanian issue, Edith Durham, also spoke about his anti-national activity, calling Esat Pasha: "Abdyl Hamiti's black ax". This anti-Albanian feudal lord, given to orgies and moral depravity, was permeated entirely by a lack of patriotism and national feeling. In one of his interviews given to the press of the time in May 1913, when asked by a foreign journalist, he gave this answer: "I am a Turk, what do I have to do with the government of Ismail Qemali? How can I? I am a Turkish general, to have a relationship with him "? Although the Albanian patriots, protagonists of the declaration of independence, knew this Turkoshak who had made an agreement with Montenegro, handing over Shkodra to them, they had nevertheless offered him a post in the government of Vlora. But the illiterate feudal lord who did not even know how to read and write, not only did not appear in the government of Vlora, but became the tellall of the Young Turks for the Ottomanism of Albania. From 1908 until the end of his life, it was subsidized by the Italian and Serbian governments for their services. For all the services he has rendered to the Serbs, he has been hailed as their hero, and on every anniversary he is honored in the Belgrade cemetery. But such characters with different typologies of betrayal, who are dressed in patriotic masks, for acts of violation of independence, have never been missing from Albania. Among them we will mention the acts of betrayal of the former self-proclaimed king Ahmet Zogu, who for the help given by the Serbs to return to the head of the Albanian state, gave them Saint Naum and the mountains of Kelmendi. But what is worth mentioning is the signing of a 16-point agreement between him and former Serbian Prime Minister Pasic, to put Albania under Serbian control. But his activity was followed by the return of the Albanian National Bank, in the Italian Bank putting Albania completely under its control. With the occupation of the country by Mussolini's fascist army, he promised the Albanians that he would put on his opings and go to the mountains, but not only did he not come out, but he snatched 1/3 of the state treasury and fled from Albania. While the caste of "patriots" with masks left behind, such as Shefqet Vërlaci, Xhaferr Ypi, Sami and Qemal Vrioni, Dervish Bicaku and Kol Bibë Miraka, handed over the crown of King Viktor Emanuel. But even after the liberation of Albania, it was the SNP with Enver Hoxha at the helm that betrayed the ideals and aspirations of the Albanians, putting Albania in a humiliating position with Tito's Yugoslavia and then with Russia and China. Bridges with Slavism were contrary to the wishes of Albanians, who fought for democracy and not for the construction of socialism that destroyed everything leaving Albanians in poverty and misery. But the acts of betrayal have not been shared with us even in this era of fragile democracy, when the politicians who were put in charge of democratic change, put above all their interests for power and wealth. One of these acts after the overthrow of monism, was the destruction of the Albanian Autocephalous Church founded by Fan Noli. It was given to the representatives of Greek Orthodoxy, instigators of centuries-old hostilities and genocides against the Albanian people. The most shameful act was that of the right-wing government led by Sali Berisha, when his Foreign Minister, Lulzim Basha, signed the sale of 12 nautical miles from our waters to Greece. This pure violation of the violation of the Constitution and the independence of the country, has caused a diplomatic row between the two countries, which requires an adequate solution from an international court. Therefore, the wise and patriotic Albanians, who are following in the footsteps of those who left us an independent Albania, have a duty to protect it at all costs, becoming its guarantor and not allowing the repetition of shameful acts of politicians. degraded and irresponsible.