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Political tribalism or pluralist democracy?!
Written by Artan Nati 28 Mars 2023
The square was buzzing with chants of "Death, death to Edi Rama's regime". The rally organized by the opposition, on the very day of the meeting of the heads of state of the European Community, was designed to discredit the SP government and its president, despite the fact that he also lost the whole country. Furthermore, the non grata president continued to show how Edi Rama in collaboration with Soros had managed to manipulate the American government and declare Sali Berisha non grata. “In individuals, madness is rare; but in groups, parties, nations and eras it is a normal activity" says the German philosopher Frederik Nietzsche. Doesn't this all seem crazy? How can the USA operate in this way as a banana republic? This phenomenon is known as political tribalism. Albania has a long history of clan-based social structures and blood feuds, which have often translated into political affiliation. In the absence of strong institutional and legal frameworks, people have traditionally relied on kinship networks and political affiliations to secure their interests. Political parties in Albania are practically tribal parties rather than political parties serving the interests of citizens. Political tribalism refers to the phenomenon where individuals tend to form their political beliefs and affiliations based on their identity and social group and not on the rational analysis and evaluation of political issues. In other words, people tend to align themselves with the political party or group that they feel most closely represents their values ??and interests. rather than engaging in objective analysis of political issues. Political parties in Albania are often centered around charismatic leaders who have built loyal followings based on their personality, charisma and ability to deliver tangible benefits to their supporters. This has led to a culture of clientelism and patronage, where loyalty to a particular leader is often more important than loyalty to a party. The media landscape in Albania is very fragmented and often biased towards certain political camps. This has created an environment where people are only exposed to information that confirms their pre-existing beliefs and biases, making it more difficult to engage in constructive dialogue and compromise. The part of the DP led by Sali Berisha, which has no seal or sigil, just as its president is not recognized in the west, has turned into a typical tribal organization in the service of the political survival of the president as well as the dome of this grouping, Saliu is acting as a demagogue, using fear and hatred to incite his followers and gain power. Hasn't he acted in the same way since the founding of the DP, discovering enemies in the party, excluding opponents or appointing and expelling him, as is happening even today with the other grouping of the DP? The ardent defenders of this group, such as Noka or Balliu, have turned into grotesque caricatures without any credibility. The Freedom Party is now a family party at the service of friends and family, and depending on the situation, it serves as a work office in exchange for political support. "The media is one-sided and presents only the negative sides of the country," says Rama and his followers. SP accuses the opposition of deconstructive activity and that corruption is not massive and is being attacked, they repeat the words of the president. Currently, the SP can be called the Party of Specialists, and this is mainly for the tenders and control of the media, thus being totally at the service of the leadership and the oligarchs. It seems as if the citizens remain abandoned and the only alternative left to them is the path of emigration. Civil society is often organized, but when it poses a danger, it is fought by the Party of Specialists and the oligarchs. "These 3 decades, politics has been the property of 2 parties that have often loved the party and the pocket more than Albania," says the civil society representative Adriatik Lapaj. Albania has experienced a long period of political instability and institutional weakness, which has eroded people's trust in government institutions and the rule of law. This has made it easier for politicians to manipulate public opinion and mobilize their supporters against perceived enemies. This is the reason that the tales that the USA is at the service of Soros or the American ambassador acts on her own, or the British ambassador is corrupt, which we often hear from Berisha, are accepted as true by his supporters. Also, Rama, by making several scapegoats and not taking responsibility for high corruption, thinks that I can be innocent of the government's failures. The danger of political tribalism is that it reduces complex issues to simple slogans and demonizes opponents. Renowned sociologist Jordan Peterson has emphasized the importance of personal responsibility and individual autonomy in addressing political tribalism. He suggests that individuals should focus on developing their knowledge and try to do personal analysis, rather than focusing too much on political identity and ideology. The opposite of political tribalism is commitment to reason, evidence and dialogue, even with those with whom we disagree. Lawyer Ngjela's statements about Albanian politics often focus on the need for more accountability, transparency and democratic values ??in the country's governance system. . Many voices have joined this idea and it seems as if more intellectuals are joining the main concern in the country. We must recognize that our political opponents are not our enemies. They are fellow citizens who disagree with us on some issues, but who share our commitment to the rule of law and the democratic process. We need to create a culture where disagreement is not seen as a sign of weakness, but as a sign of strength. We should be able to have civil conversations with people who hold different views and find common ground where possible. We need to create a culture where disagreement is not seen as a sign of weakness, but as a sign of strength. We should be able to have civil conversations with people who hold different views and find common ground where possible. We need to create a culture where disagreement is not seen as a sign of weakness, but as a sign of strength. We should be able to have civil conversations with people who hold different views and find common ground where possible.