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Shëndeti

Are heart diseases contagious? The study reveals startling details, experts publish the data

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A new study warns that having a spouse with heart disease doubles the risk of the other partner suffering the same fate.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Genetics, but also a number of lifestyle choices, such as an unhealthy food diet, smoking and alcohol, affect the risk of developing heart disease.

But now, researchers at the Heart Health Research Center in Beijing, China, say a person's choices can also affect their partner's health. Men in particular face a higher risk of developing heart disease if their wife smokes and has a history of stroke or heart attack, researchers say.

"We found that an individual's risk of cardiovascular disease is closely linked to the health status and lifestyle of his / her wife or husband," said lead author Dr. Shi Shi Wang.

"In addition to the separation of living factors and socio-economic environment, our study suggests that the stress of caring for a spouse with cardiovascular disease may contribute to an increased cardiovascular risk for the other partner," he said.

The researchers surveyed more than 5,000 heterosexual couples over the age of 45, living in 7 regions of China between 2014-2016. Participants were asked to provide details about their personal health and that of their spouse, including body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure, two parameters that are known to increase the risk of heart disease.

Gjithashtu, ata iu përgjigjën pyetjeve në lidhje me stilet tyre të jetesës, si për shembull sa aktivitet fizik kishin në ditë dhe nëse kishin pirë ose konsumuar alkool. Studiuesit zbuluan se shanset e njerëzve për të vuajtur nga sëmundje të zemrës, ishin të lidhura me shëndetin dhe zgjedhjet e stilit të jetës së bashkëshortit të tyre, veçanërisht midis burrave.

Në përgjithësi, 28 për qind e burrave, gratë e të cilëve ishin prekur nga sëmundje të zemrës, vuanin gjithashtu nga kjo gjendje. Kjo është krahasuar me vetëm 12.8 për qind të atyre që nuk kishin bashkëshortë. Në mënyrë të ngjashme, ata, partnerët e të cilëve kishte pësuar më parë një goditje në tru, ishin obezë apo pinin duhan, kishin më shumë të ngjarë të përfundonin me një sëmundje të zemrës.

“Kujdesi shëndetësor në familje, luan një rol të rëndësishëm në kujdesin shëndetësor kronik në të gjithë botën. Gjetjet e studimit tonë, tregojnë se shëndeti i kujdestarëve duhet të monitorohet vazhdimisht, ashtu si i bashkëshortëve të tyre së sëmurë”- thekson ai.

Dallimi midis gjinive, mund të shpjegohet me faktin se gratë luajnë një rol më të rëndësishëm në përcaktimin e dietës së një familjeje, thonë studiuesit. Ndër gratë, burrat e të cilave ishin prekur nga sëmundje të zemrës, 21 për qind vuanin nga një gjendje e ngjashme, krahasuar me vetëm 9 për qind të atyre që kishin partnerë të shëndetshëm.

A woman's likelihood of cardiovascular disease was also higher if her husband had a history of stroke. "Women's health status and risk factors, which dictate the lifestyle of most families with different cultural backgrounds, seem to affect their husbands to a greater extent than men's risk factors for women." -thekson Uang.

Researchers, meanwhile, noted that there was no similar trend in people whose partners had diabetes, but found no concrete link. "This finding may indicate that genetic factors and family history of diabetes are the predominant risk factors for diabetes," Wang said.