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CAREFUL! Never to be ignored, these signs indicate a brain tumor
Written by SOT.COM.AL 6 Korrik 2022
Glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), is the most aggressive type of brain tumor. Signs and symptoms of glioblastoma are: headache, vomiting, memory loss, personality changes and localized neurological problems.
The type of symptoms produced depends more on the location of the tumor than on its pathological properties. The tumor may begin to produce symptoms quickly, but occasionally it is an asymptomatic condition until it reaches a large size.
Tests and procedures used to diagnose glioblastoma include:
Neurological test. During a neurological exam, your doctor will ask you about your signs and symptoms.
He or she can check your vision, hearing, balance, coordination, strength, and reflexes. Problems in one or more of these areas can provide clues as to which part of your brain may be affected by a brain tumor.
Imaging tests. Imaging tests help your doctor determine the location and size of your brain tumor. Magnetic resonance imaging is used to diagnose brain tumors and may be used in conjunction with specialized imaging that may include a CT scan.
Biopsy. Removing a sample of tissue for testing, a biopsy may be done with a needle before surgery or during surgery to remove your glioblastoma, depending on your particular situation and the location of your tumor.
The suspicious tissue sample is analyzed in a laboratory to determine the types of cells and their level of aggressiveness.
Glioblastoma treatment options include:
Surgery to remove the glioblastoma. The neurosurgeon would perform the surgery to remove the glioblastoma.
Qëllimi i ndërhyrjes është të hiqet sa më shumë tumor që të jetë e mundur, por për shkak se glioblastoma rritet në indin normal të trurit, heqja e plotë nuk është e mundur. Për këtë arsye, shumica e njerëzve që kryejnë ndërhyrjen, vazhdojnë me pas me trajtime shtesë për të eliminuar qelizat tumorale të mbetura.
Radioterapia përdor rreze me energji të lartë, të tilla si rrezet X ose protonet, për të vrarë qelizat e kancerit.
Gjatë radioterapisë, ju shtriheni në një platformë ndërsa makineria lëviz rreth jush, duke drejtuar pajisjen në pikat e përcaktuara në tru. Terapia me rrezatim zakonisht rekomandohet pas operacionit dhe mund të kombinohet me kimioterapi.
Për njerëzit që nuk mund t’i nënshtrohen operacionit, radioterapia dhe kimioterapi mund të përdoren si një trajtim parësor.
Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to eliminate cancer cells.