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Do not ignore it, this is the sign that warns you that you have diabetes
Written by SOT.COM.AL 23 Shtator 2022
A new study claims there is a warning sign of developing type 2 diabetes long before it is diagnosed. According to experts, this indicator is damage to the nerves of the cornea. Neuropathy is a serious complication of type 2 diabetes that affects different parts of the body, causing pain and numbness in the feet and hands, while causing problems in muscles and organs.
Loss of the corneal nerve, in particular, can cause a variety of problems, from dry eyes to vision loss. Dr. Sara Mokhtar and her colleagues studied the health of the corneal nerves in people with diabetes, pre-diabetes where glucose levels are higher than normal, and people without diabetes or pre-diabetes, that is, with normal glucose metabolism.
3,471 people with an average age of 59 years participated in the study, of which 48.4% were men. Of these, 21% had type 2 diabetes, 14.7% had prediabetes, while 64.3% had none of these. The results showed that the extent of corneal nerve fiber damage increased in proportion to the severity of the disorder in glucose metabolism.
The size of the corneal nerve damage was 8% greater in those with prediabetes compared to those with normal glucose metabolism and
8% greater in those with type 2 diabetes compared to those with prediabetes. Comparing these results between people who had diabetes and those who metabolized glucose normally, it appeared that those with diabetes experienced more severe nerve damage.
Higher blood sugar levels were also associated with higher levels of corneal nerve damage. In fact, the higher the sugar, the greater the damage. Participants who had diabetes for longer also suffered more corneal nerve damage. The researchers concluded that the degree of corneal nerve fiber damage increased in proportion to the degree of disturbance in glucose metabolism and blood sugar levels.
Dr. Mokhtar concluded: "It usually takes 3 to 5 years for prediabetes to develop into type 2 diabetes. Our results show that high sugar levels are able to damage corneal nerves long before type 2 diabetes develops. moreover, damage to the corneal nerves provides an indication of neuropathy elsewhere in the body.
If we detect nerve damage early, we can delay or prevent the problems it causes, resulting in a significant improvement in quality of life. More research is needed to prove that high glucose levels are the cause of the damage and whether early blood sugar control can delay or prevent this damage."