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Opinion / Editorial

Violence against women in the face of her emancipation

Violence against women in the face of her emancipation

The murder of a woman in Kosovo where her husband is suspected, and the violence and murders also in Albania and Kosovo show once again that discrimination against women continues to be at a dangerous level in Albanian and Kosovar society. Despite the adoption of laws for women's equality and equal gender rights that are confirmed in the constitution as well as in all aspects of social and political life in Albania, the problem of violence against women, murders of women, the phenomena of rape and pedophilia or even of incest remain very disturbing and unfortunately in the capitalist society with liberal democracy these wounds do not even intend to be ``healed'' but remain in the framework of the violation of laws without trying to prevent the causes and factors that bring about these negative phenomena. Of course, the problem of women's emancipation is related to four elements of women's rights in society: Achieving full (a) economic, (b) social, (c) political and (d) religious equality of women with men, aspiration whose realization in the course of the twentieth century has been gradual, varied and incomplete

A bit of history

The presentation of women as second-class citizens, dependent and abused by men is very old and has to do with the establishment of patriarchy in paganism but later strengthened by monotheism and Christian morality. Although men and women according to Christianity and Islam are equal before God, they are not equal in the family and society, where men are given priority. The harshest against women have been some Christian religious leaders based on the religious doctrine of Christianity where the woman is completely dependent on the man:

- I found a woman more bitter than death... - says Ecclesiastes.

-Jan Chrysostomi- Among the wildest animals you cannot find more harmful than woman...

-Thomas Aquinas- the fate of a woman is to live under the hoof of a man...

But the Islamic religion is equally strict with the role of women as slaves in the family and society. The two dominant mainstream narratives have victimized Muslim women, albeit in different ways. On the one hand, many Muslims and Muslim governments appropriate the Islamic text to justify discrimination against women and to place social and legal restrictions on women's rights and freedoms, especially polygamy. On the other hand, Western Islamophobic neo-Orientalists use these popular but traditional misogynist readings of Islam to support their xenophobic claims against Islam and Muslims (Five things you need to know about women in Islam: Implications for advancing women's rights in the Middle East (arabcenterdc.org). The fight for women's rights and equality began with the Italian writer Christine de Pizan, who published a book about the position of women in society as early as 1495. In 1848, the 'First Convention on the Rights of Women' was organized of Women' and continued with the campaign to improve the social position of all women. In the 20th century, women's organizations began for their rights, which continued with 4 waves of feminism:

First wave of feminism - By the 1920s, women had won the right to vote in most European countries and North America. Women were first allowed to go to university in the early 20th century, while also having careers and families.

The second wave of feminism. In some countries, when fascist parties took power, the feminist movement was banned. In Western Europe and the US, the feminist movement revived in the 1970s. Although this second wave of feminism aimed to achieve 'women's liberation', socialist feminists argued that it was a combination of patriarchy and capitalism that caused women's oppression.

The third wave of feminism refers mainly to the American movement in the 1990s and is characterized by an increased awareness of overlapping categories, such as race, class, gender, sexual orientation. a number of feminist non-governmental organizations were established, but focusing on specific feminist issues, rather than claiming to represent general feminist ideas.

The fourth wave of feminism. The term cyber-feminism is used to describe the work of feminists interested in theorizing, critiquing, and using the Internet, cyberspace, and new media technologies in general, for example, mobilizing people to take action against sexism, misogyny, or gender-based violence. gender towards women.

Sexism

Sexism means perceiving and judging people only on the basis of their belonging to a certain sex or gender. There are three types of sexism:

Traditional sexism: upholding traditional gender roles, treating women as worse than men, using traditional stereotypes that portray women as less competent than men.

Seksizmi modern: mohimi i diskriminimit gjinor ('nuk është më problem'), qëndrimi negativ ndaj të drejtave të grave, mohimi i vlefshmërisë së pretendimeve të bëra nga gratë

Neoseksizmi: Ky nocion i referohet ideologjive që justifikojnë diskriminimin ndaj grave në bazë të kompetencave - 'burrat janë efektivisht më të aftë për disa gjëra' - për shembull në pozita menaxheriale ose drejtuese, dhe jo në një diskriminim të drejtpërdrejtë të grave.

Emancipimi i gruas nga lëvizjet feministe dallohet sepse feminizmi është një lëvizje që kërkon barazinë midis burrave dhe grave, kurse emancipimi i grave është procesi që lejon rritjen e pjesëmarrjes së grave në të gjitha aspektet e shoqërisë. Janë dy koncepte që janë të lidhura ngushtë me njëri-tjetrin, por nuk janë të njëjta. Pra emancipimi kërkon të drejtat e grave që përqendrohen në të drejtat dhe mundësitë themelore të barabarta, ndërsa feminizmi ndjek transformimin më të gjerë të shoqërisë që nevojitet për të arritur me të vërtetë pushtetin dhe drejtësinë e barabartë për të gjitha gratë. Të dyja mbeten jetike për përparimin, por secila adopton një këndvështrim dhe qasje disi të ndryshme. Termi "emancipim" shpesh lidhet me vlerën e lirisë. Ai nënkupton lirinë nga kufizimet ligjore, politike apo sociale, pra emancipimi i gruas është i lidhur pazgjidhshmërisht me përpjekjet ose skemat sociale që synojnë çlirimin e grave nga të gjitha llojet e skllavërisë dhe shfrytëzimit sociopolitik dhe ekonomik. Termi "emancipim i gruas" përdoret në përgjithësi për t'iu referuar procesit me anë të të cilit gratë në përgjithësi dhe gratë e varfra në veçanti detyrohen të kenë akses dhe kontroll mbi të gjitha format e burimeve në një komb. Është një lëvizje e cila synon të sigurojë lirinë e vetë-përmbushjes dhe vetë-zhvillimit për gratë, si dhe akses të barabartë në burimet shtëpiake dhe komunitare. Në përgjithësi, feminizmi mund të shihet si një lëvizje për t'i dhënë fund seksizmit, shfrytëzimit seksist dhe shtypjes dhe për të arritur barazinë e plotë gjinore në ligj dhe në praktikë. Nuk duhet lënë pa përmendur marksizmi i cili pretendonte se “shkaktari i gjendjes së sotme pra të pabarazisë së gruas në shoqëri është prona private . Largimi i saj do të largonte nënshtrimin e gruas ndaj burrit në familje, dhe lirinë e të drejtave të fëmijëve në familje”, sipas Engelsit.

Aktualiteti

Today's society of Western liberal democracies and globalization, in addition to the advantages it has, is causing society some very negative consequences that can ultimately destroy human society, due to the breakdown of the Family. Western analysts blame it on the disadvantages of women's emancipation, and through neosexism, perhaps to justify the modern enslavement of women today. They state that the disadvantages of women's emancipation are: value clashes, the abandonment of traditional values ??that enabled family stability, the wholesale adoption of Western values ??and a misunderstanding of women's emancipation. All of them have to do with the destruction of moral and ethical norms (in the societies of liberal democracies and even those of dictatorships), on which human society is built. In this case, we should not leave without mentioning Patriarch Kirill, who said: "If we ignore moral rules, we ultimately ignore freedom itself; If moral rules are overcome and declared relative - the very foundation of the European world view would be undermined". In Albanian society, education has softened the cruelty and discrimination against women, but being educated does not mean that you are cultured. Culture is the part that would mitigate and eliminate social and family discrimination against Albanian women. It is difficult that about 60%-70% of the population are from rural areas who have arrived in the city and are educated but do not have the necessary culture. It is known that Poverty and Ignorance promote violence and murders in Albania. George B. Shaw said: There is no greater crime than being poor. Today, both extremes of human society behave worse towards women and have degraded morally:

- The poor, because many of them, due to poverty and ignorance, sell girls and force them into prostitution, use violence, but are also forced to become lawbreakers and criminals, becoming part of the underworld;

- The rich because they seek extra fun and pleasure, buying and selling women, inciting LGPD, using the poor to kill, steal, corrupt, etc., etc. The only class that is still being maintained in today's society is the middle class, but even that under the pressure of modern life is breaking up the family with divorces.... Divorces cause problems because children do not grow up with one partner and grow up complicated and violent, becoming a contingent of crime. Albania needs to resist this degradation of values ??and must preserve family values ??and its traditional morality.