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Opinion / Editorial

Ernesto Sabato, the writer with Albanian blood

Ernesto Sabato, the writer with Albanian blood

Ernesto Sabato was born in Rojas, provincia de Buenos Aires in Argentina on June 24, 1911. His mother Juana Maria Ferrari came from an Italian Arber family, while his father, Franciso Sabato, was also from Italy. They had eleven children, all boys. Ernesto was the tenth child of the Sábato family. The day he was born, his older brother died and his mother christened him Ernesto after his brother. He graduated from high school in 1928 and enrolled at the Universidad de La Plata, where he studied physics and mathematics. In 1930 he joined the Communist Party and at that time met Matilde Kusminsky Richter, who was then seventeen years old. Both left their families and studies and started living together. Ernesto used a conspiracy name and was quite active in the party. In 1933 he became secretary of the Communist Youth, but was becoming disillusioned with the party and had doubts. In 1934, he was sent as a delegate to Brussels at the Congress against fascism and war, from there he had to travel to Moscow for a period of 'cleansing'. In Brussels, Ernesto realized the true nature of the communist party and fled to Paris, where he lived in hiding as the party was looking for him.

Without friends and without money, he begins to write his first novel. In 1935 he returns to Argentina where he marries Matilde and continues his studies at the Universidad de La Plata. In 1938 he received his doctorate in physics and won a scholarship to research atomic radiation at the Curie Laboratory in Paris. Matilde and their son, Jorge Federico go with him. During his stay in France he continues to write and paint. In 1939 the scholarship was transferred to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He returns to Argentina and begins teaching mathematics and physics at the Universidad de La Plata. He is invited to join Jugu magazine, where he meets Jorge Luis Borges and the two become friends. In 1941 he started writing for the newspaper La Nacion. In 1943 he went through an "existential crisis" and decided to leave science and devote himself entirely to writing and painting. He resigns from the university and moves with his family to the mountains (Provincia de Cordoba). He begins to write and soon finishes the book One and All, which was published in 1945. In this book, Sábato openly denies science and rationality. He won prizes and honors for this book. His first novel The Tunnel was published in 1948. In 1951, another book, People and Teeth, was published, with reflections on money, reason and the transience of time. A study of the concepts of the modern world and life beginning with the Renaissance. In 1953, the book Heterodoxia was published, which was defined as the dictionary of man in crisis. In 1955, he became director of the newspaper Mundo Argentino. At this time Argentina was in political turmoil. In 1956, the two most controversial books of Sábato were published: El otro rostro del Peronismo (The other face of Peronism) and Torturas y Libertad de Prensa (Torture and freedom of the press). In 1961, he published his second novel Sobre héroes y tumbas (On heroes and cemeteries), a psychological study of man interwoven with philosophical ideas previously published in his books of essays. Many researchers call the chapter Report on the blind a masterpiece of world literature. In 1971, he began writing for the newspaper La Opinion.

In 1973, he published his third novel, Abbadón, el exterminador (Abaddon, the angel of destruction), a book about the apocalyptic vision of the modern world and the triumph of evil. In 1977, Italy awarded him the "Medicci" prize, while in 1978, in Spain decorated him with the Gran Cruz de la Orden al Mérito Civil order. In 1984, the president of Argentina, Raúl Alfonsín, appointed him chairman of the Comisión Nacional sobre la Desaparición de las Personas (CONADEP), (National Commission on Disappeared Persons), a commission that investigated cases of missing persons during the military dictatorship in Argentina. The book Nunca Más (Never Again), in which the testimonies of those who survived and those who witnessed the disappearance and murder of more than twenty thousand people, was published as a result of the research of these tragedies. The Organization of American States (OAS) awards the Gabriel Mistral prize , while the king of Spain, Juan Carlos, decorated him with the Miguel de Cervantes award. He was decorated again by Italy in 1985 with the Order of Merit and in 1987 Francois Mitterrand, the president of France, decorated him with the rank of Commander of the Legion of Honor. He received the degree of "Honorary Doctor" (Honoris causa) from the University of Murica, Spain, Universidad de Rosario, Argentina, Universidad de Campinas, Brazil Universidad del Litoral, Santa Fe, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy In 1995 in Albania he received the title of Ismail Kadare , shared by the Velija foundation. He died at his home in Argentina on April 30, 2011 at the age of 99.